Difference of Dictionary.Add vs Dictionary[key]=value [duplicate]

Add -> Adds an item to the dictionary if item already exists in the dictionary an exception will be thrown.

Indexer or Dictionary[Key] => Add Or Update. If the key doesn’t exist in the dictionary, a new item will be added. If the key exists then the value will be updated with the new value.


dictionary.add will add a new item to the dictionary, dictionary[key]=value will set a value to an existing entry in the dictionary against a key. If the key is not present then it (indexer) will add the item in the dictionary.

Dictionary<string, string> dict = new Dictionary<string, string>();
dict.Add("Test", "Value1");
dict["OtherKey"] = "Value2"; //Adds a new element in dictionary 
Console.Write(dict["OtherKey"]);
dict["OtherKey"] = "New Value"; // Modify the value of existing element to new value
Console.Write(dict["OtherKey"]);

In the above example, in first place dict["OtherKey"] = "Value2"; will add a new value in the dictionary because it doesn’t exist, and in second place it will modify the value to New Value.

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